As a dentist, I have seen many patients over the years who have abused heavy drugs. In many of those cases, their oral hygiene took a back seat to their addiction, and their teeth and gum tissue suffered as a result. Nearly all dentists have seen cases like this:
I had a very long and candid conversation with this patient who opened up to me about his past. In addition to abusing prescription painkillers such as Vicodin, Lortab, and Percocet, he also admitted to sucking fentanyl patches. He said that he would feel the effects almost immediately upon putting the patches in his mouth.
On exam, the broken down, rotted teeth did not surprise me – I had seen that many times before. What was surprising were the linear lesions all across his palate (the roof of his mouth) as seen here:
I had never seen anything like this before over my entire career. Are these lesions scar tissue from the constant placement of fentanyl patches against the soft tissue in the mouth? It is hard to tell. I have shown these photos to several colleagues and no one has seen anything like this before.
Regardless of the origin, it is safe to say that chronic abuse of narcotic painkillers – consumed orally or by sucking on them – can have disastrous results for both the teeth and the soft tissue of the oral cavity.