Jan Steen (b. 1626 d. 1679) was a Dutch painter known for painting daily life in the Netherlands in the 17th century. Just like today, people developed teeth problems (albeit more frequently back then), and thus dentistry was a part of everyday existence. Back then, there were no HIPAA laws nor sterilization protocols, so dentistry was frequently performed in public for all to see:
The above work can be found in the Mauritshuis in The Hague, Netherlands.
You see the usual onlookers featured in nearly all paintings of this era. By the looks of it, this “dentist” appears to be a travelling one, going from village to village pulling teeth.
Nearly all dental paintings of that era show one thing: tooth extractions. Back then, there was no such thing as porcelain veneers, smile makeovers, or teeth whitening. Cocaine, the first local anesthetic (and what inspired novocaine), was still 200 years away from being used in dental procedures. If you had a problem back then, that meant only one thing: that tooth was going to come out and it was going to hurt!
Aren’t we all glad that dentistry has changed in the past 350 years or so?