Archives for February 2014

Graphic Effects of Sucking Fentanyl Patches

As a dentist, I have seen many patients over the years who have abused heavy drugs. In many of those cases, their oral hygiene took a back seat to their addiction, and their teeth and gum tissue suffered as a result. Nearly all dentists have seen cases like this:

Photograph of decayed teeth from a drug addict of opiates percocet and vicodin

This patient suffered from narcotic addiction for many years. This led to extreme teeth decay as seen above.

Graphic photo of rotten teeth from years of narcotic and opiate drug abuse

The same patient as above.

I had a very long and candid conversation with this patient who opened up to me about his past. In addition to abusing prescription painkillers such as Vicodin, Lortab, and Percocet, he also admitted to sucking fentanyl patches. He said that he would feel the effects almost immediately upon putting the patches in his mouth.

On exam, the broken down, rotted teeth did not surprise me – I had seen that many times before. What was surprising were the linear lesions all across his palate (the roof of his mouth) as seen here:

Photo and picture on gums from sucking fentanyl patches

Linear patches on his palate on one side only. This is where he used to suck the fentanyl patches. Clicking on the image will yield a larger, high resolution version.

I had never seen anything like this before over my entire career. Are these lesions scar tissue from the constant placement of fentanyl patches against the soft tissue in the mouth? It is hard to tell. I have shown these photos to several colleagues and no one has seen anything like this before.

Regardless of the origin, it is safe to say that chronic abuse of narcotic painkillers – consumed orally or by sucking on them – can have disastrous results for both the teeth and the soft tissue of the oral cavity.